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Category Archives for "FirstDigest"

ESXi VM – The CPU has been disabled by the guest operating system

For some weeks now, a couple of my virtual machines on ESXi would stop working out of nowhere. They were completely unresponsive (including via the ESXi VM Console). Nothing would help, except a shutdown / start of the VM. Just to find out later that, randomly, the VM would become unresponsive again. The only human … Continue reading ESXi VM – The CPU has been disabled by the guest operating system

New Ubuntu 18.04 Docker image – Python For Network Engineers

About one year ago I’ve created the Ubuntu 16.04 PFNE Docker image. It’s time for a new version of the Ubuntu PFNE Docker image to support Network engineers learn Python and test automation. Recently, Ubuntu announced that on the Ubuntu Docker Hub the 18.04 LTS version is using the minimal image. With this change when … Continue reading New Ubuntu 18.04 Docker image – Python For Network Engineers

Ubuntu image for EVE-NG – Python for network engineers

Lately I’ve started working more and more with EVE-NG to test various network scenarios, automation and in general to try and learn something everyday. If you’re familiar with EVE-NG, you know where to find various Linux images which you can download and install . Very helpful indeed, however all of them are coming without any … Continue reading Ubuntu image for EVE-NG – Python for network engineers

Docker image – Python for network engineers

Lately I’m looking more and more into Python, with respect to automation implementations useful for network engineers. In the learning process I’ve used different materials, like the excellent video trainings Python Programming for Network Engineers from David Bombal which are available free on Youtube.

This training in particular relies on a Ubuntu Docker image in order to support Python learning following interaction with Cisco devices in GNS3. Everything is great, just that the image doesn’t contain all necessary tools (like Paramiko, Netmiko, Ansible…). As you can guess, whenever you close / open the Project in GNS3, all the installed packages installed in the Ubuntu Docker image are gone.

Since we’re talking automation, I got bored to install the necessary tools everytime I wanted to start a new project or I had to close GNS3 for some reason. I’ve tried to find a Docker image that suits my needs, but I couldn’t (please point me to one if you know it).

So, I’ve build a Docker image, based on Ubuntu 16.04, which contains the necessary tools to start learning Python programming oriented for network engineers:

  • Openssl
  • Net-tools (ifconfig..)
  • IPutils (ping, arping, traceroute…)
  • IProute
  • IPerf
  • TCPDump
  • NMAP
  • Python 2. Continue reading

F5 BIG-IP Plugin with Firefox 52 workaround

It’s not news anymore that Mozilla is stopping support for NPAPI (Netscape Plugin API). With the release of Firefox 52 version, I believe that only Flash plugin is enabled by default.

I’ll skip the discussion about NPAPI plugins and Mozilla’s decision to stop the support, however the reality is that for me it has a strong impact in certain areas. One of this areas is the F5 BIG-IP, specifically the APM and possibility to launch Application (like RDP) from the Webtop interface.

I’m relying heavily on a F5 BIG-IP VE machine to connect to my home lab when I’m remote. The Webtop functionality gives me the possibility to use only a Browser to connect to my applications at home, keeping me away from any F5 client installation on the machine that I use. Usually this machine is my MacBook or PC, and the F5 client installation should not be a big thing, however I like the clientless option.

The F5 Webtop functionality is possible due to a NPAPI plugin called “F5 Network Host Plugin” which usually installs in the browser when you access the F5 APM. So yes, you still need to install something, but this browser plugin is Continue reading

Draw network diagrams online [2016 Edition]

In this post from 2011 I was explaining that my preferred online tool to draw network diagrams is LucidChart.com. Since then LucidChart.com developed really good and added constantly new features. Unfortunately with the new great additions some not so nice restrictions appeared for the free account.
Those restrictions (like 5 active documents) really make it difficult for me to work with this tool as I got used to a different style.

I’m not a cheap guy! If I would use this tool professionally there would be no problem to buy a subscription package, but at work Visio is saint (unfortunately) and the rest of the time, especially when I’m on my Mac, I just need a fast tool to draw brief network diagrams like for my blog or fast explanation to somebody online.

LucidChart.com is my recommendation if you rely on online tool to work with Visio documents. Last time when I checked their Visio import tool was doing a great job.

Back to this story, I was looking online for another tool when I came across Draw.io.

Draw.io doesn’t need an account creation, rather it just give you direct access to the tool.
Since Continue reading

Cisco ASA packet capture showing bidirectional traffic flow

Recently I had to troubleshoot some communication issues via a Cisco ASA device and the packet capture on the IOS comes in handy for this task.

When you have a lot of traffic over ASA and you’re interested in a particular IP address, the basic packet capture lesson says that you should configure an access-list to limit the captured packets for the interesting traffic only.

Let’s assume that I have a particular interest for the traffic to and from the IP address 10.0.0.10.

I created a standard ACL to match only the traffic related to 10.0.0.10:

access-list TS standard permit host 10.0.0.10

Afterward I attached the created ACL to a packet capture on a particular interface (let’s call it “lan”).

capture TSHOOT access-list TS interface lan

You can find the above lines in almost any how-to regarding packet capture on Cisco ASA.

Checking the capture I noticed that traffic is unidirectional captured:

FW# show capture TSHOOT

4 packets captured

   1: 20:15:32.757010       802.1Q vlan#10 P0 192.168.0.10 > 10.0.0.10: icmp: echo request
   2: 20:15:33.759283       802.1Q vlan#10 P0 192.168.0.10 > 10. Continue reading