Omer Yoachimik

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DDoS threat report for 2024 Q1

Welcome to the 17th edition of Cloudflare’s DDoS threat report. This edition covers the DDoS threat landscape along with key findings as observed from the Cloudflare network during the first quarter of 2024.

What is a DDoS attack?

But first, a quick recap. A DDoS attack, short for Distributed Denial of Service attack, is a type of cyber attack that aims to take down or disrupt Internet services such as websites or mobile apps and make them unavailable for users. DDoS attacks are usually done by flooding the victim's server with more traffic than it can handle.

To learn more about DDoS attacks and other types of attacks, visit our Learning Center.

Accessing previous reports

Quick reminder that you can access previous editions of DDoS threat reports on the Cloudflare blog. They are also available on our interactive hub, Cloudflare Radar. On Radar, you can find global Internet traffic, attacks, and technology trends and insights, with drill-down and filtering capabilities, so you can zoom in on specific countries, industries, and networks. There’s also a free API allowing academics, data sleuths, and other web enthusiasts to investigate Internet trends across the globe.

To learn how we prepare this report, refer Continue reading

Advanced DNS Protection: mitigating sophisticated DNS DDoS attacks

We're proud to introduce the Advanced DNS Protection system, a robust defense mechanism designed to protect against the most sophisticated DNS-based DDoS attacks. This system is engineered to provide top-tier security, ensuring your digital infrastructure remains resilient in the face of evolving threats.

Our existing systems have been successfully detecting and mitigating ‘simpler’ DDoS attacks against DNS, but they’ve struggled with the more complex ones. The Advanced DNS Protection system is able to bridge that gap by leveraging new techniques that we will showcase in this blog post.

Advanced DNS Protection is currently in beta and available for all Magic Transit customers at no additional cost. Read on to learn more about DNS DDoS attacks, how the new system works, and what new functionality is expected down the road.

Register your interest to learn more about how we can help keep your DNS servers protected, available, and performant.

A third of all DDoS attacks target DNS servers

Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks are a type of cyber attack that aim to disrupt and take down websites and other online services. When DDoS attacks succeed and websites are taken offline, it can lead to significant revenue loss and damage to Continue reading

DDoS threat report for 2023 Q3

DDoS threat report for 2023 Q3

Welcome to the third DDoS threat report of 2023. DDoS attacks, or distributed denial-of-service attacks, are a type of cyber attack that aims to disrupt websites (and other types of Internet properties) to make them unavailable for legitimate users by overwhelming them with more traffic than they can handle — similar to a driver stuck in a traffic jam on the way to the grocery store.

We see a lot of DDoS attacks of all types and sizes, and our network is one of the largest in the world spanning more than 300 cities in over 100 countries. Through this network we serve over 64 million HTTP requests per second at peak and about 2.3 billion DNS queries every day. On average, we mitigate 140 billion cyber threats each day. This colossal amount of data gives us a unique vantage point to understand the threat landscape and provide the community access to insightful and actionable DDoS trends.

In recent weeks, we've also observed a surge in DDoS attacks and other cyber attacks against Israeli newspaper and media websites, as well as financial institutions and government websites. Palestinian websites have also seen a significant increase in DDoS attacks. View Continue reading

Cyber attacks in the Israel-Hamas war

Cyber attacks in the Israel-Hamas war

On October 7, 2023, at 03:30 GMT (06:30 AM local time), Hamas attacked Israeli cities and fired thousands of rockets toward populous locations in southern and central Israel, including Tel Aviv and Jerusalem. Air raid sirens began sounding, instructing civilians to take cover.

Approximately twelve minutes later, Cloudflare systems automatically detected and mitigated DDoS attacks that targeted websites that provide critical information and alerts to civilians on rocket attacks. The initial attack peaked at 100k requests per second (rps) and lasted ten minutes. Forty-five minutes later, a second much larger attack struck and peaked at 1M rps. It lasted six minutes. Additional smaller DDoS attacks continued hitting the websites in the next hours.

DDoS attacks against Israeli websites that provide civilians information and alerts on rocket attacks
DDoS attacks against Israeli websites that provide civilians information and alerts on rocket attacks

Not just DDoS attacks

Multiple Israeli websites and mobile apps have become targets of various pro-Palestinian hacktivist groups. According to Cybernews, one of those groups, AnonGhost, exploited a vulnerability in a mobile app that alerts Israeli civilians of incoming rockets, “Red Alert: Israel”. The exploit allowed them to intercept requests, expose servers and APIs, and send fake alerts to some app users, including a message that a “nuclear bomb is coming Continue reading

DDoS threat report for 2023 Q2

DDoS threat report for 2023 Q2
DDoS threat report for 2023 Q2

Welcome to the second DDoS threat report of 2023. DDoS attacks, or distributed denial-of-service attacks, are a type of cyber attack that aims to disrupt websites (and other types of Internet properties) to make them unavailable for legitimate users by overwhelming them with more traffic than they can handle — similar to a driver stuck in a traffic jam on the way to the grocery store.

We see a lot of DDoS attacks of all types and sizes and our network is one of the largest in the world spanning more than 300 cities in over 100 countries. Through this network we serve over 63 million HTTP requests per second at peak and over 2 billion DNS queries every day. This colossal amount of data gives us a unique vantage point to provide the community access to insightful DDoS trends.

For our regular readers, you might notice a change in the layout of this report. We used to follow a set pattern to share our insights and trends about DDoS attacks. But with the landscape of DDoS threats changing as DDoS attacks have become more powerful and sophisticated, we felt it's time for a change in how we present Continue reading

Informe sobre las amenazas DDoS en el 2º trimestre de 2023

Informe sobre las amenazas DDoS en el 2º trimestre de 2023
Informe sobre las amenazas DDoS en el 2º trimestre de 2023

Te damos la bienvenida al segundo informe sobre amenazas DDoS de 2023. Los ataques DDoS, o ataques de denegación de servicio distribuido, son un tipo de ciberataque cuyo objetivo es sobrecargar de tráfico sitios web (y otros tipos de propiedades de Internet) para interrumpir el funcionamiento normal y que los usuarios legítimos no puedan acceder a ellos, lo mismo que cuando un conductor está atrapado en un atasco de camino al supermercado.

Observamos muchos ataques DDoS de diferentes tipos y tamaños, y nuestra red es una de las mayores del mundo, ya que abarca más de 300 ciudades en más de 100 países. A través de esta red atendemos más de 63 millones de solicitudes HTTP por segundo durante picos de tráfico y más de 2 billones de consultas de DNS cada día. Esta ingente cantidad de datos nos ofrece una perspectiva privilegiada para dar a conocer a la comunidad tendencias reveladoras sobre los ataques DDoS.

Nuestros lectores habituales quizá noten un cambio en el diseño de este informe. Solíamos seguir un patrón fijo para compartir nuestras percepciones y tendencias sobre los ataques DDoS. Sin embargo, creemos que ha llegado el momento de cambiar la forma de presentar nuestras Continue reading

Introducing Cloudflare’s new Network Analytics dashboard

Introducing Cloudflare’s new Network Analytics dashboard
Introducing Cloudflare’s new Network Analytics dashboard

We’re pleased to introduce Cloudflare’s new and improved Network Analytics dashboard. It’s now available to Magic Transit and Spectrum customers on the Enterprise plan.

The dashboard provides network operators better visibility into traffic behavior, firewall events, and DDoS attacks as observed across Cloudflare’s global network. Some of the dashboard’s data points include:

  1. Top traffic and attack attributes
  2. Visibility into DDoS mitigations and Magic Firewall events
  3. Detailed packet samples including full packets headers and metadata
Introducing Cloudflare’s new Network Analytics dashboard
Network Analytics - Drill down by various dimensions
Introducing Cloudflare’s new Network Analytics dashboard
Network Analytics - View traffic by mitigation system

This dashboard was the outcome of a full refactoring of our network-layer data logging pipeline. The new data pipeline is decentralized and much more flexible than the previous one — making it more resilient, performant, and scalable for when we add new mitigation systems, introduce new sampling points, and roll out new services. A technical deep-dive blog is coming soon, so stay tuned.

In this blog post, we will demonstrate how the dashboard helps network operators:

  1. Understand their network better
  2. Respond to DDoS attacks faster
  3. Easily generate security reports for peers and managers

Understand your network better

One of the main responsibilities network operators bare is ensuring the operational stability Continue reading

DDoS threat report for 2023 Q1

DDoS threat report for 2023 Q1
DDoS threat report for 2023 Q1

Welcome to the first DDoS threat report of 2023. DDoS attacks, or distributed denial-of-service attacks, are a type of cyber attack that aim to overwhelm Internet services such as websites with more traffic than they can handle, in order to disrupt them and make them unavailable to legitimate users. In this report, we cover the latest insights and trends about the DDoS attack landscape as we observed across our global network.

Kicking off 2023 with a bang

Threat actors kicked off 2023 with a bang. The start of the year was characterized by a series of hacktivist campaigns against Western targets including banking, airports, healthcare and universities — mainly by the pro-Russian Telegram-organized groups Killnet and more recently by AnonymousSudan.

While Killnet-led and AnonymousSudan-led cyberattacks stole the spotlight, we haven’t witnessed any novel or exceedingly large attacks by them.

Hyper-volumetric attacks

We did see, however, an increase of hyper-volumetric DDoS attacks launched by other threat actors — with the largest one peaking above 71 million requests per second (rps) — exceeding Google’s previous world record of 46M rps by 55%.

Back to Killnet and AnonymousSudan, while no noteworthy attacks were reported, we shouldn't underestimate the potential risks. Unprotected Internet Continue reading

Cloudflare mitigates record-breaking 71 million request-per-second DDoS attack

Cloudflare mitigates record-breaking 71 million request-per-second DDoS attack
Cloudflare mitigates record-breaking 71 million request-per-second DDoS attack

This was a weekend of record-breaking DDoS attacks. Over the weekend, Cloudflare detected and mitigated dozens of hyper-volumetric DDoS attacks. The majority of attacks peaked in the ballpark of 50-70 million requests per second (rps) with the largest exceeding 71 million rps. This is the largest reported HTTP DDoS attack on record, more than 35% higher than the previous reported record of 46M rps in June 2022.

The attacks were HTTP/2-based and targeted websites protected by Cloudflare. They originated from over 30,000 IP addresses. Some of the attacked websites included a popular gaming provider, cryptocurrency companies, hosting providers, and cloud computing platforms. The attacks originated from numerous cloud providers, and we have been working with them to crack down on the botnet.

Cloudflare mitigates record-breaking 71 million request-per-second DDoS attack
Record breaking attack: DDoS attack exceeding 71 million requests per second

Over the past year, we’ve seen more attacks originate from cloud computing providers. For this reason, we will be providing service providers that own their own autonomous system a free Botnet threat feed. The feed will provide service providers threat intelligence about their own IP space; attacks originating from within their autonomous system. Service providers that operate their own IP space can now sign up to the Continue reading

Cyberattacks on Holocaust educational websites increased in 2022

Cyberattacks on Holocaust educational websites increased in 2022
Cyberattacks on Holocaust educational websites increased in 2022

Today we mark the International Holocaust Remembrance Day. We commemorate the victims that were robbed of their possessions, stripped of their rights, deported, starved, dehumanized and murdered by the Nazis and their accomplices. During the Holocaust and in the events that led to it, the Nazis exterminated one third of the European Jewish population. Six million Jews, along with countless other members of minority and disability groups, were murdered because the Nazis believed they were inferior.

Seventy eight years later, after the liberation of the infamous Auschwitz death camp, antisemitism still burns with hatred. According to a study performed by the Campaign Against Antisemitism organization on data provided by the UK Home Office, Jews are 500% more likely to be targeted by hate crime than any other faith group per capita.

Cyberattacks targeting Holocaust educational websites

From Cloudflare’s vantage point we can point to distressing findings as well. In 2021, cyberattacks on Holocaust educational websites doubled year over year. In 2021, one out of every 100 HTTP requests sent to Holocaust educational websites behind Cloudflare was part of an attack. In 2022, the share of those cyber attacks grew again by 49% YoY. Cyberattacks represented 1.6% of all Continue reading

Cloudflare DDoS threat report for 2022 Q4

Cloudflare DDoS threat report for 2022 Q4
Cloudflare DDoS threat report for 2022 Q4

Welcome to our DDoS Threat Report for the fourth and final quarter of 2022. This report includes insights and trends about the DDoS threat landscape - as observed across Cloudflare’s global network.

In the last quarter of the year, as billions around the world celebrated holidays and events such as Thanksgiving, Christmas, Hanukkah, Black Friday, Singles’ Day, and New Year, DDoS attacks persisted and even increased in size, frequency, and sophistication whilst attempting to disrupt our way of life.

Cloudflare’s automated DDoS defenses stood firm and mitigated millions of attacks in the last quarter alone. We’ve taken all of those attacks, aggregated, analyzed, and prepared the bottom lines to help you better understand the threat landscape.

Global DDoS insights

In the last quarter of the year, despite a year-long decline, the amount of HTTP DDoS attack traffic still increased by 79% YoY. While most of these attacks were small, Cloudflare constantly saw terabit-strong attacks, DDoS attacks in the hundreds of millions of packets per second, and HTTP DDoS attacks peaking in the tens of millions of requests per second launched by sophisticated botnets.

  • Volumetric attacks surged; the number of attacks exceeding rates of 100 gigabits per second (Gbps) grew by Continue reading

Cloudflare DDoS threat report 2022 Q3

Cloudflare DDoS threat report 2022 Q3

This post is also available in Français, Español, Português, 한국어, 简体中文, 繁體中文, and 日本語.

Cloudflare DDoS threat report 2022 Q3

Welcome to our DDoS Threat Report for the third quarter of 2022. This report includes insights and trends about the DDoS threat landscape - as observed across Cloudflare’s global network.

Multi-terabit strong DDoS attacks have become increasingly frequent. In Q3, Cloudflare automatically detected and mitigated multiple attacks that exceeded 1 Tbps. The largest attack was a 2.5 Tbps DDoS attack launched by a Mirai botnet variant, aimed at the Minecraft server, Wynncraft. This is the largest attack we’ve ever seen from the bitrate perspective.

It was a multi-vector attack consisting of UDP and TCP floods. However, Wynncraft, a massively multiplayer online role-playing game Minecraft server where hundreds and thousands of users can play on the same server, didn’t even notice the attack, since Cloudflare filtered it out for them.

Cloudflare DDoS threat report 2022 Q3
The 2.5 Tbps DDoS attack that targeted Wynncraft — launched by Mirai

Overall this quarter, we've seen:

  • An increase in DDoS attacks compared to last year.
  • Longer-lasting volumetric attacks, a spike in attacks generated by the Mirai botnet and its variants.
  • Surges in attacks targeting Continue reading

Introducing Cloudflare’s free Botnet Threat Feed for service providers

Introducing Cloudflare’s free Botnet Threat Feed for service providers
Introducing Cloudflare’s free Botnet Threat Feed for service providers

We’re pleased to introduce Cloudflare’s free Botnet Threat Feed for Service Providers. This includes all types of service providers, ranging from hosting providers to ISPs and cloud compute providers.

This feed will give service providers threat intelligence on their own IP addresses that have participated in HTTP DDoS attacks as observed from the Cloudflare network — allowing them to crack down on abusers, take down botnet nodes, reduce their abuse-driven costs, and ultimately reduce the amount and force of DDoS attacks across the Internet. We’re giving away this feed for free as part of our mission to help build a better Internet.

Service providers that operate their own IP space can now sign up to the early access waiting list.

Cloudflare’s unique vantage point on DDoS attacks

Cloudflare provides services to millions of customers ranging from small businesses and individual developers to large enterprises, including 29% of Fortune 1000 companies. Today, about 20% of websites rely directly on Cloudflare’s services. This gives us a unique vantage point on tremendous amounts of DDoS attacks that target our customers.

DDoS attacks, by definition, are distributed. They originate from botnets of many sources — in some cases, from hundreds of thousands to millions Continue reading

Introducing Advanced DDoS Alerts

Introducing Advanced DDoS Alerts
Introducing Advanced DDoS Alerts

We’re pleased to introduce Advanced DDoS Alerts. Advanced DDoS Alerts are customizable and provide users the flexibility they need when managing many Internet properties. Users can easily define which alerts they want to receive — for which DDoS attack sizes, protocols and for which Internet properties.

This release includes two types of Advanced DDoS Alerts:

  1. Advanced HTTP DDoS Attack Alerts - Available to WAF/CDN customers on the Enterprise plan, who have also subscribed to the Advanced DDoS Protection service.
  2. Advanced L3/4 DDoS Attack Alerts - Available to Magic Transit and Spectrum BYOIP customers on the Enterprise plan.

Standard DDoS Alerts are available to customers on all plans, including the Free plan. Advanced DDoS Alerts are part of Cloudflare’s Advanced DDoS service.

Why alerts?

Distributed Denial of Service attacks are cyber attacks that aim to take down your Internet properties and make them unavailable for your users. As early as 2017, Cloudflare pioneered the Unmetered DDoS Protection to provide all customers with DDoS protection, without limits, to ensure that their Internet properties remain available. We’re able to provide this level of commitment to our customers thanks to our automated DDoS protection systems. But if the systems operate automatically, why even be Continue reading

Introducing Cloudflare Adaptive DDoS Protection – our new traffic profiling system for mitigating DDoS attacks

Introducing Cloudflare Adaptive DDoS Protection - our new traffic profiling system for mitigating DDoS attacks
Introducing Cloudflare Adaptive DDoS Protection - our new traffic profiling system for mitigating DDoS attacks

Every Internet property is unique, with its own traffic behaviors and patterns. For example, a website may only expect user traffic from certain geographies, and a network might only expect to see a limited set of protocols.

Understanding that the traffic patterns of each Internet property are unique is what led us to develop the Adaptive DDoS Protection system. Adaptive DDoS Protection joins our existing suite of automated DDoS defenses and takes it to the next level. The new system learns your unique traffic patterns and adapts to protect against sophisticated DDoS attacks.

Adaptive DDoS Protection is now generally available to Enterprise customers:

  • HTTP Adaptive DDoS Protection - available to WAF/CDN customers on the Enterprise plan, who have also subscribed to the Advanced DDoS Protection service.
  • L3/4 Adaptive DDoS Protection - available to Magic Transit and Spectrum customers on an Enterprise plan.

Adaptive DDoS Protection learns your traffic patterns

The Adaptive DDoS Protection system creates a traffic profile by looking at a customer’s maximal rates of traffic every day, for the past seven days. The profiles are recalculated every day using the past seven-day history. We then store the maximal traffic rates seen for every predefined dimension value. Every profile Continue reading

Mantis – the most powerful botnet to date

Mantis - the most powerful botnet to date
Mantis - the most powerful botnet to date

In June 2022, we reported on the largest HTTPS DDoS attack that we’ve ever mitigated — a 26 million request per second attack - the largest attack on record. Our systems automatically detected and mitigated this attack and many more. Since then, we have been tracking this botnet, which we’ve called “Mantis”, and the attacks it has launched against almost a thousand Cloudflare customers.

Cloudflare WAF/CDN customers are protected against HTTP DDoS attacks including Mantis attacks. Please refer to the bottom of this blog for additional guidance on how to best protect your Internet properties against DDoS attacks.

Have you met Mantis?

We named the botnet that launched the 26M rps (requests per second) DDoS attack "Mantis" as it is also like the Mantis shrimp, small but very powerful. Mantis shrimps, also known as “thumb-splitters”, are very small; less than 10 cm in length, but their claws are so powerful that they can generate a shock wave with a force of 1,500 Newtons at speeds of 83 km/h from a standing start. Similarly, the Mantis botnet operates a small fleet of approximately 5,000 bots, but with them can generate a massive force — responsible for the largest Continue reading

Introducing Location-Aware DDoS Protection

Introducing Location-Aware DDoS Protection
Introducing Location-Aware DDoS Protection

We’re thrilled to introduce Cloudflare’s Location-Aware DDoS Protection.

Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks are cyber attacks that aim to make your Internet property unavailable by flooding it with more traffic than it can handle. For this reason, attackers usually aim to generate as much attack traffic as they can — from as many locations as they can. With Location-Aware DDoS Protection, we take this distributed characteristic of the attack, that is thought of being advantageous for the attacker, and turn it on its back — making it into a disadvantage.

Location-Aware DDoS Protection is now available in beta for Cloudflare Enterprise customers that are subscribed to the Advanced DDoS service.

Introducing Location-Aware DDoS Protection

Distributed attacks lose their edge

Cloudflare’s Location-Aware DDoS Protection takes the attacker’s advantage and uses it against them. By learning where your traffic comes from, the system becomes location-aware and constantly asks “Does it make sense for your website?” when seeing new traffic.

For example, if you operate an e-commerce website that mostly serves the German consumer, then most of your traffic would most likely originate from within Germany, some from neighboring European countries, and a decreasing amount as we expand globally to other countries and geographies. If Continue reading

DDoS attack trends for 2022 Q2

DDoS attack trends for 2022 Q2
DDoS attack trends for 2022 Q2

Welcome to our 2022 Q2 DDoS report. This report includes insights and trends about the DDoS threat landscape — as observed across the global Cloudflare network. An interactive version of this report is also available on Radar.

In Q2, we’ve seen some of the largest attacks the world has ever seen including a 26 million request per second HTTPS DDoS attacks that Cloudflare automatically detected and mitigated. Furthermore, attacks against Ukraine and Russia continue, whilst a new Ransom DDoS attack campaign emerged.

The Highlights

Ukrainian and Russian Internet

  • The war on the ground is accompanied by attacks targeting the spread of information.
  • Broadcast Media companies in the Ukraine were the most targeted in Q2 by DDoS attacks. In fact, all the top five most attacked industries are all in online/Internet media, publishing, and broadcasting.
  • In Russia on the other hand, Online Media drops as the most attacked industry to the third place. Making their way to the top, Banking, Financial Services and Insurance (BFSI) companies in Russia were the most targeted in Q2; almost 45% of all application-layer DDoS attacks targeted the BFSI sector. Cryptocurrency companies in Russia were the second most attacked.

Read more about what Cloudflare is doing Continue reading

Tendências de ataques DDoS no segundo trimestre de 2022

Tendências de ataques DDoS no segundo trimestre de 2022
Tendências de ataques DDoS no segundo trimestre de 2022

Bem-vindo ao nosso relatório de DDoS do segundo trimestre de 2022. Este relatório inclui informações e tendências sobre o cenário de ameaças DDoS — conforme observado em toda a Rede global da Cloudflare. Uma versão interativa deste relatório também está disponível no Radar.

No segundo trimestre deste ano, aconteceram os maiores ataques da história, incluindo um ataque DDoS por HTTPS de 26 milhões de solicitações por segundo que a Cloudflare detectou e mitigou de forma automática. Além disso, os ataques contra a Ucrânia e a Rússia continuam, ao mesmo tempo em que surgiu uma campanha de ataques DDoS com pedido de resgate.

Destaques

Internet na Ucrânia e na Rússia

  • A guerra no terreno é acompanhada por ataques direcionados à distribuição de informações.
  • Empresas de mídia de radiodifusão na Ucrânia foram as mais visadas por ataques DDoS no segundo trimestre. Na verdade, todos os seis principais setores vitimados estão na mídia on-line/internet, publicações e radiodifusão.
  • Por outro lado, na Rússia, a mídia on-line deixou de ser o setor mais atacado e caiu para o terceiro lugar. No topo, estão empresas como bancos, serviços financeiros e seguros (BFSI, na sigla em inglês) do país, que foram as mais visadas no segundo trimestre; Continue reading

Tendencias de los ataques DDoS en el segundo trimestre de 2022

Tendencias de los ataques DDoS en el segundo trimestre de 2022
Tendencias de los ataques DDoS en el segundo trimestre de 2022

Te damos la bienvenida a nuestro informe sobre los ataques DDoS del segundo trimestre de 2022, que incluye nuevos datos y tendencias sobre el panorama de las amenazas DDoS, según lo observado en la red global de Cloudflare. Puedes consultar la versión interactiva de este informe en Radar.

En el segundo trimestre, hemos observado algunos de los mayores ataques hasta la fecha, incluido un ataque DDoS HTTPS de 26 millones de solicitudes por segundo que Cloudflare detectó y mitigó automáticamente. Además, continúan los ataques contra Ucrania y Rusia, al tiempo que ha aparecido una nueva campaña de ataques DDoS de rescate.

Aspectos destacados

Internet en Ucrania y Rusia

  • La guerra en el terreno va acompañada de ataques dirigidos a la difusión de información.
  • Las empresas de medios de comunicación de Ucrania fueron el blanco más común de ataques DDoS en el segundo trimestre. De hecho, los seis sectores que recibieron el mayor número de ataques pertenecen a los medios de comunicación en línea/Internet, la edición y audiovisual.
  • En Rusia, por el contrario, los medios de comunicación en línea descendieron al tercer lugar como el sector más afectado. En los primeros puestos, las empresas de banca, servicios financieros y seguros (BFSI) Continue reading
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